Infoma handbucher


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Infoma handbucher

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft zur Erforschung des achtzehnten Jahrhunderts 12p. Vaso Seirinidou. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package This paper. A short summary of this paper. READ PAPER. Das achtzehnte Jahrhundert und Osterreich Jahrbuch der Osterreichischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung des achtzehnten lahrhunderts Doch ein derartiges Kriterium ist fur eine historisch angelegte Untersuchung der Beziehung zwischen dem "wir" und den "sie", dem "Eigenen" und dem "Fremden", unzureichend; nicht nur weil die Kategorie "Nation" rur die Interpretation :tlterer Erscheinungen zu jung ist,' sondem vielmehr, wei!

Olga Katsiardi-Hering als AbschluBarbeit zur Erlangung des Mastersgrades eingereicht werden wird. FUr ihre UnterslUtzung und Hinweise bei der Abfassung des Textes danke ich Maria A. Christian Gonsa, Manin Hinterberger und Maria A. Stassinopoulou haben meinen griechischen Text ins Deutsche ubertragen, wollir Ihnen an dieser Stelle nochmals herzlich gedankt sei. I Vergl. ANDERSON, Zur Erfindung der Nation. Zur Karriere eines erfolgreichen Konzepts, Frankfurt-New York Weiters E.

GELLNER, Nations and Nationalism, Oxford DRESSEL, Historische Anthropologie, Wien-Koln-WeimarS. GINSBURG, Der Inquisitor als Anthropologe, in: R. MrNKMAR Hg. Beitrage zur Historischen Anthropologie, BerlinS. KUHNEL, Das Fremde im Millelalter, in: P. StuttgartS. Balkankaufleute exportieren Baumwolle, Wolle und Leder geflihrlich, welches zug1lnglich ist und dem "Eigenen" angeglichen werden nach Osterreich und Deutschland und beliefem die Mllrkte des Osmanischen kann.

Reiches mit Manufakturprodukten aus Mitteleuropa. Instabile und Jahrhundert verwendet wird. Andererseits haben die Bezeichnungen Osterreich, Osterreicher im Der Begriff und Die Griechen Wiens sind zun1lchst die griechischen Kaufleute Wiens, deren mit ihm die Charakteristika der griechischen Niederlassung in Wien werden Aktivit1lten durch die Privilegienpolitik der Habsburger unterstUtzt wurden. Den beiden Vertrllgen folgten im Laufe des Jahrhundert N. The Conquering Balkan Orthodox Merchant, in: Journal of economic history KLlNGENSTElN, Was bedeuten "Osterreich" und "Osterreichisch" im Eine5.

Teilaspekte des Themas werden im Sammelband S. ASDRACHAS HG. PLASCHKA, G. Inhalt und Umfang des Osterreichbegriffs Yom Jahrhundert bis heute AOG schaftsstruktur der Balkanlander in den Jahren der Osmanischen Herrschaft. KATSIARDI-HERlNG, Das Habsburgerrelch: Anlaufpunkt fUr Gricchen gung des griechischen Falles, C. CHATZIIOSlf, EJ.

Jahrhundert, OOH 38,5. Zur FrUhgeschichte der serbischen und rumanischen und Problemcl, in: Politis Nntionsbildung Geschichte und Gesellschaft 11DUsseldorf5. Zum Schutz der Wien filhrt, wo die Banken das bereits gebildete Handelskapital aufhehmen. Sie komrrit zuerst den osmanischen Kaufleuten freimachen, wenn diese Gleichstellung in ihnen in gemeinsamen wirtschaftlichen Strategien und der gemeinsamen Struktur ihrer auch nicht rechtlich verankert ist.

Diese Entwicklung brachte viele in Wien Untemehmen zum Ausdruck. Eiriige schrankten Handel erwarben. Dieser Umstand erweist sich in wirtschaftlicher StaatszugehOrigkeit Yorgeschrieben: zehnjllhriger Aufenthalt in 6sterreich und der aufrichtige Vorsatz zum Verbleib auf kaiserlichem Territorium, der mit der MS.

HERZFELD, Zur Orienthandelspolitik Osterreichs unter Maria Theresia in der Zeit schaftserklllrung, diese innerhalb von sechs Monaten nach Einreichung des vonAOG, S. Ii Die Situation, wie sie in den letzten drei Jahrzehnten des Daher erscheint die Unterscheidung zwischen Griechen, die vanie. L'activite culturelle, nationale et religieuse des compagnies commerciales helleniques de Sibiu et de Brasov aux XVIII-XIX siecles,Thessaloniki ; D. KQlO [Die griechische nien offensichtlich: T.

CHARLAFTl, Ef. Organisation und Recht ], Thessaloniki H "Xll;lTIKlJ" ljIaaTJ Handel und Seefahrt im Das II Die neuere Bibliographie zu den griechischen Niederlassungen in Ungarn bei G. HERING, Die UnternehmensnelZ der Diaspora-Griechen. Die "chiotische" Phase ], in: Mnimon 15, griechische Handelsgesellschaft in Tokaj, in: SUdost-Forschungen 46,S.

HIDAS, O. FOVES und M. BUR, in: J. FOSSEY Hg. II, S. TuRCZYNSKI, Die nach Wien, in: MIOG 58,S. Ahnliches Heiratsverhallen isl in der deutsch-griechischen Kulturbeziehungen bis zur Berufung KOnig Ouos, MOnchenS. MILLO, Das Triestiner Burgertum. STEKL u. Durch Arbeit, 13 O. KATsIARDI-HERlNG, H illllvllC!

Borgertum in der Habsburgerrnonarchie, Bd. LAlOS, H rtO:T10Ta Kat Ot Ef. Siatista und die Handelshauser Chatzimichail und Manusi Dennoch stellt Endogamie nicht das In der Konskription aus dem Jahr fUr die Griechen, die osmanische einzige Modell des Heiratsverhaltens dar. In dem zu untersuchenden Fall ist dieses Indiz mer deutlich angefUhrt wird.

Der Kauf einer Liegenschaft war im zweiten nen nur acht erklllren,nicht an eine RUckkehr auf osmanisches Territorium zu Jahrzehnt des Die Mehrheit der Der fluktuierende Charakter der Niederlassung bleibt bestehen. Sowohl bei griechischen osmanischen Untertanen, die in Wien im Zeitraum zwischen den osmanischen als auch bei den i sterreichischen Untertanen haben wir es mit und sterben, sind imverheiratet.

Diese Tatsache erlaubt uns die Hypothese, einer standig in Bewegung befind lichen, reisenden Personengruppe zu tun. Die Niederlassung der griechischen osmanischen neten Daten kann man beobachten, daB sich zum Zeitpunkt des Ablebens einer Untertanen ist durch starke Fluktuation, eine geringe Zabl standig ansassiger Person mllnnliche Familienmitglieder, die mit dem Verstorbenen im selben und, analog dazu, durch eine entsprechend hohe Zahl durchreisender und Haushalt gelebt hatten, gerade auf einer Geschllftsreise befanden.

Einige in vorillufig niedergelassener Gruppen charakterisiert. In diesen Fallen stellen die 19 Eine NamensJiste der Konskription von verOtTenltichte V. Griechen in Wien. Zur Geschichte und Gegenwart der Zuwanderung Familienstruktur der Griechen in Wien, in: Wiener Geschichtsbllllter, S. Katalog derSonderausstellung des Historischen Museums der Stadt Wien.

DezemberWien Die von wurde in der Konskription nur annaherungsweise mit mindestens einem bis zwei Boten berechnet. Die Aktivitaten der Familie Sina veranschaulichen diese Veranderung, s. Ein ahnliches demographisches Bild weisen I:! VLAMI, Die Familie der griechischen Kaufleute, S. Erwahnungen in der Literatur von drei bis viertausend niedergelassenen Griechen 1m meine Eltem es fUr nOlWendig, daB sich cine geeignete Begleitung von Kastoria nach Belgrad in ersten Jahrzehnt des Zu den verschiedenen nicht belegbaren Serbien eintllnde.

Studien zum 19, Jh,l. Athen S

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Software Images icon An illustration of two photographs. Images Donate icon An illustration of a heart shape Donate Ellipses icon An illustration of text ellipses. Search Metadata Search text contents Search TV news captions Search archived websites Advanced Search. Full text of " Studies in classical philology " See other formats Google This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on Hbrary shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world's books discoverable online.

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About Google Book Search Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. PAOB Papyri from Karanis 1 By EDGAR JOHNSON QOODSPEED The Use of Repetition in Latin to Secure Emphasis, Intensity, AND Distinctness of Impression 67 By frank frost ABBOTT Epideictic Literature 89 By THEODORE CHALON BURGESS The Departments of Greek, Latin, Archaeology, and Com- parative Philology in the University of Chicago publish, at irregular intervals, papers written by instructors and graduate students of the University upon subjects within the general domain of classical philology.

The papers are collected in volumes, but are also sold separately. The following instructors constitute an editorial committee : William Gardner Hale, for the Department of Latin. Paul Shorey, for the Department of Greek. Prank Bigelow Tarbell, for the Department of Archaeology. Carl Darling Buck, for the Department of Comparative Philology. Grain Receipts. When in Messrs. Hogarth and Grenfell excavated the mound in the Faiytim, called Ktim Ushim, and identified it with the ancient Karanis, they found only a limited number of papyri, the site having been previously well-nigh ' exhausted by native diggers.

In October,through the efforts of Dr. James Henry Breasted, I succeeded in purchasing from a dealer in Upper Egypt a considerable number of Greek papyri. The pieces, some of them of course mere fragments, numbered upwards of two hundred, and came, my Egyptian correspondent assured me, from the house ruins of a single site, Washim.

The frequent occur- rence of the name Karanis in the papyri, especially in such con- texts as in the pieces here presented, pointed to the identification of Washim w4th the ancient Karanis, an identification which proves to have been already established by Messrs. Hogarth and Grenfell, Washim being, as Mr.

Grenfell kindly assures me, only another way of spelling Ushim. It is decidedly fortunate that so exact and positive a determination as to provenance can be made in the case of papyri secured through the hands of natives. There are two rolls of accounts, one forty-seven columns in length, and a number of letters and official communications. Egypt Exploration Fund, ArchcBological Report,p. There are ninety-one of these, in general quite complete and plainly legible. The Berlin receipts, being here presented in a new order, that of their cleruchy numbers, have been renumbered, and in these pages the numbers in italics refer to them.

The usual date on the pieces is the twenty-second year of Antoninus, i. Out of receipts, bear this date. Five are from earlier years of the same emperor. From Of my papyri, 91 in all, 88 are dated in Antoninus' twenty-second year, and one in his fifteenth.

The combined collections thus come from within a period of eight years, and nearly all of them from a single year ; indeed, probably from a single season of that year, since the farmers would apply for their seed at about the same time. The papyrus on which these receipts are written is of various qualities. Viereck, "Quittungen aus dem Dorfe Karanis tiber Lieferung von Saatkorn," Hermes, XXX, pp.

Kenyon, Greek Papyri in the British Museum, II, p. KARANIS PAPYRI 3 rough and coarse, and evidently were already in very bad condi- tion when they were used, e. In the sizes and shapes of the receipts, too, there is much diversity, even among the pieces which seem to have suffered little, if at all, from the vicissitudes of seventeen centuries. The line is usually parallel with the longer side of the papyrus, especially in receipts written in what I have ventured to call the official hand.

Of course it is the recto that is chosen for the writing, as far as can be judged from the smoothness of the written side, and from the occasional traces of the overlapping of two pieces, where the fibers of the recto, being at right angles to the line of juncture, afford an addi- tional clew. The pieces were, many of them, probably mere scraps, there being no requirement as to uniformity.

It is noteworthy that hardly one of them has any writing on the verso, at a time when so many papyri were used twice, and often for purposes quite independent. When the receipts came into my hands, they were for the most part rolled together in packets.

In one case the pieces had been held together by a string running through the center of each one, as though for filing, and the bit of brown thread still held twelve of them insecurely together. The receipts thus filed together were the following — I begin at the top of the pile : The great palseographical interest of these papyri lies in the variety of hands which appear, and which it is thus possible to assign with absolute certainty to so particular a time, viz. The writing presents a surprising number of cursive and uncial types, with many hands intermediate between the two.

The different forms of letters which the papyri thus prove to have been in use in the same district at the same time are sufficiently shown in the facsimiles. Some of the docu- ments were evidently written with care and without haste ; c. Such receipts begin, in almost every case, in a 4 STUDIES IN CLASSICAL PHILOLOGY certain hand, which may be called the official hand. The official hand appears in Nos. Thus out of receipts 68 are, at least in part, by this hand.

In 66 of the Chicago receipts the writing is across the fibers. Fifty-four of these are in the official hand. But the collection contains but 55 in this hand ; so that all but one show the writing across the fibers. Of the Berlin receipts 27 have the writing across the fibers, seven of which are in the official hand. Thirteen Berlin receipts in all are in this hand. Altogether, out of 68 receipts begun in this hand, 61 have the writing across the fibers. The determining element with this scribe was probably not so much the fiber relation, however, as the shape of his papyrus, for everywhere, except perhaps in It is still a singular thing that more than three-fifths of the whole number of receipts have the writing across the fibers.

The official hand seldom runs through the receipt ; in general it ends with Kvpiov, and a less difficult hand fills out the receipt. The exceptions, e. It will be observed that these men farmed in the same cleruchy, cf. But with this interesting instance we are introduced to the other class of receipts, where the official hand and formula are lacking, and the document usually displays 1 B. II, p. None of the Berlin receipts published since are in this hand. KARANIS PAPYRI a single hand throughout.

This hand must in general be that of the farmer, who would naturally receipt for the advance of seed- grain in his own hand, if he could write. Thus Thus the diversity of hands and the rudeness of some of them are entirely natural. The hands are not all rude, however. That of Onnophris, The second hand of The second ' hand of The explanation of them may be iii the employment of official scribes ; in which case we have two scribal hands often in the same receipt.

There is a great amount of abbreviation in these receipts. Not I only the official hand, but almost all the writers, reduced the length j of the documents to the minimum. This name is j fully written but twiceout of a total of 32 occur- I rences. The indices have been I so prepared, however, as to make these and similar facts clear.