Qm handbuch baden wurttemberg



ISBN: 474442149


Qm handbuch baden wurttemberg

Genealoger Family History and Genealogy Services. Combined index Klüber-Kartei - two alphabetical indexes on film; also contains some entries from other than the Hamburg passenger lists. Police registers of city residents and passports issued, various sets of records found in the Family History Library catalog under "Hamburg -- Emigration and Immigration", "Hamburg -- Population" and "Hamburg -- Passports. Bremen began keeping passenger lists inbut most lists have been destroyed.

Currently, 2, passenger lists dating from to are kept in the Archive of the Bremen City Chamber of Commerce. Members of the Family History Association of Bremen, "die Maus", are currently creating an i ndex of this material for the Internet.

Some reconstructed passenger lists have been published. This information was taken from the U. For example:. Zimmerman, Gary J. German Immigrants -- Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 4 volumes. FHL Ref For Antwerp, the Family History Library is currently filming emigration records and hotel registers that include Germans, especially from the Rhineland and the Southwestern part of Germany, and give towns of origin.

These records are cataloged under "Belgium, Antwerpen, Antwerpen- Emigration-Immigration". The "Vreemdelingendossiers" begin in There are indexes. The first film number of the set is Scanned images of the indexes are also available. In addition, a card index of about 40, passengers who left the port of Le Havre from is reportedly in the possession of a local genealogical society at: Groupement Genealogique du Havre et Seine-Martime BP 80 F Le Havre Cedex France.

Some emigration material in the Family History Library can be found in the Catalog under Germany, Elsass-Lothringen -- Emigration-Immigration France, Alsace-Lorraine -- Emigration-Immigration France, Bas-Rhin or Haut-Rhin or Moselle -- Emigration-Immigration. Family History Library film s through Some of these materials are also available in Schrader-Muggenthaler, Cornelia.

The Alsace Emigration Book. FHL Ref. The Greifswald Landesarchiv holds some passenger lists that include emigrants that left from the port of Stettin, now Szczecin, Poland. These lists cover parts of the years, and The archives address is:.

Landesarchiv Greifswald Martin-Andersen-Nexo-Platz 1 D Greifswald Germany. Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser, a German genealogist, has an index to these lists. He charges a free for researching these records. Other German ports were primarily located along the Eastern sea board and included Gdansk, Libau, Memel, and Riga. Germans also used Scandinavian ports especially CopenhagenBritish ports Queenstown, Glasgow, Liverpool, Hull, Newcastle, and Edinburghand other French and Northern Italian ports.

No passenger lists are known to have survived. All Rights Reserved. German Genealogy German Emigration Records Many German emigrants exited through the ports of Bremerhaven and Cuxhaven. Bremerhaven was the port of Bremen because the Bremen port was full of silt and needed dredging. Ships could not get into Bremen. Cuxhaven was the port for Hamburg.

Other German ports were primarily located along the eastern sea board and included Stettin, Gdansk DanzigLibau, Memel, and Riga. Germans also used Scandinavian ports especially Copenhagen. The ports in Antwerp, Belgium and le Havre, France were also used. Some causes for German emigration: Compulsory military conscription was unpopular. Many young men emigrated without permission in order to avoid military service. It has been estimated that more than fifty percent of young men of military age emigrated illegally.

In the early s, an economic depression and over-population caused restrictions on marriages and attempts to limit growth in poor areas of the south and central Germany. Young couples in these areas often emigrated separately or together, often with illegitimate children.

Only three religions were allowed in German lands: Catholic, Lutheran and Reformed. Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III united the Reformed Calvinist and Lutheran churches in on the th anniversary of the Reformation. These religious restrictions caused some to emigrate for religious convictions. Industrialization in the mid s created many new jobs, but also caused the decline of the cottage industries which had kept many families from starving.

The hardest hit were the linen weavers who worked on looms in their homes. Mechanical looms and the competition from foreign markets drove many to pack up and leave. Rising grain prices in the early s, mid s, and s created a hardship on sustaining a family. Some communities tried to get rid of the chronically underprivileged members of the society, with some towns paying the passage cots in exchange for the individual giving up all citizenship rights and promising not to return.

Improved transportation with the removal of tolls on the Rhine, Main and Neckar rivers in the s, made it cheaper to travel to a port city. The railroad miles also doubled by Industrialization wiped out home industries such as spinning, weaving, etc. Land prices were increasing, but the income produced from the land did not have the corresponding increase. Selling the land rights often provided enough money to allow a family to emigrate.

Some farm sizes had become so small that they no longer could support a family. Fromgrowing grapes for the wine industry was unstable, and a series of bad crops caused many to emigrate. The largest share of taxes and military personnel came from tradesmen, farmers, artisans, and laborers. Many did not want their children to feel the brunt of upcoming wars, unemployment, indebtedness, and impoverishment.

Relatives or friends who had already emigrated sent positive reports back to their hometown. Their reports encouraged others to follow. Some political refugees, especially after the failed revolution, decided to leave. Many shipping companies employed agents who actively canvassed specific geographic areas and wrote up shipping contracts with prospective emigrants.

Reports of cheap land in other countries lured people to leave. Some destination sites for the emigrants: Many from the crowded south of the German areas in the s moved to new Prussian lands opening in Pomerania, West and East Prussia, Silesia, and Posen. Hungary, Spain, Russia, and France were other destinations which developed German-speaking pockets. Following the Thirty Years' War inthe Swiss moved in to rebuild destroyed regions, but this did not always work out as planned.

In the s, it is estimated thatGermans emigrated to Russia, while onlywent to America. Catherine the Great invited German farmers to emigrate to her unsettled frontier in the southern Ukraine along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azor. About 37, accepted the invitation. Frommost of the Germans going to America landed in Philadelphia and gave Pennsylvania the largest German population.

Some emigration events: In the early s, the first major region to emigrate was from the Palatinate, Hesse, southern Rhineland, parts of Baden and Württemberg. Reasons for this included: inherited land parcels became too small to support a family, the area was under constant threat of war or recovering from a war, the ongoing struggle with neighboring France, and the winter of devastated the wine industry for years and jeopardized the jobs in that region.

Mennonite miners and their families found jobs in the Virginia ironworks. Baptist Dunkers left in Salzburg Lutherans moved to Georgia in Schwenkfelders left in Moravian Brethren left after Aroundauthorities in the southwest German areas paid to have their poor shipped to America.

Baden liberalized their emigration laws inWürttemberg inPrussia inand Hesse in From the s to the late s, emigration from Hesse was popular and affordable, but the increased poverty in the late s allowed only the small families and individuals to afford the costs of emigration. From the mids to s, LeHarve became an important port for Germans from Württemberg, Baden, Alsace and Switzerland.

Fromabout 7, Hessians headed to the hill country of Texas. It is estimated than about 20, Hessians emigrated to America in Of the number, over 9, were from Hesse-Kassel. Emigration spread beyond Württemburg and along the Rhine after Aftermost of Mecklenburg's emigrants consisted mainly of day laborers and farmhands. About Rappites or Harmonists emigrated from northwest Württemberg fromwith most coming through the ports of Baltimore or Philadelphia.

German-speakers from northern Alsace Bas-Rhin were encouraged to leave during the s and 30s, and those from southern Alsace Haut-Rhin after In the s and s southern Hanover and northern Westphalia saw heavy emigration with the drop in linen prices and years of poor harvests.

Spinners and weavers in Silesia were also hard hit by the introduction of mechanical looms. Nassau had the highest per capita emigration rate in the s. Following the First Schleswig War inmany defeated soldiers left for eastern Iowa. Peak years for emigration from Westphalia included s and

Die QM-Richtlinie beschreibt die grundsätzlichen Anforderungen für eine erfolgreiche Einführung und Umsetzung von Qualitätsmanagement. Dabei hat der Aufwand in einem angemessenen Verhältnis insbesondere zur personellen und strukturellen Ausstattung zu stehen. Die konkrete Ausgestaltung des einrichtungsinternen Qualitätsmanagements erfolgt spezifisch in jeder Einrichtung.

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